GAP Analysis Report 2012
Executive Summary of the 2012 Report
In spite of rapid change in the ethnic diversity of the region, Whites are expected to remain the largest ethnic group among the young adult population of the region through 2020, in a state with a Hispanic majority for this age group.
The 2012 report offers longitudinal data going back to 2006 for college readiness indicators pertaining to regional high school graduates. Data about college readiness (measured by TAKS scores of graduates in English Language Arts, mathematics and both subjects, and by SAT/ACT results) showed patterns of progress were very similar for the state and region. Student scores on the TAKS have increased over time. Gaps in the achievement of ethnic, gender, and socioeconomic subgroups continued, but are narrowing. SAT/ACT data, national indicators, showed similar modest increases in percentages of students taking the tests in the state and region. Data showed slight decreases or only small gains in achievement with a tendency for students in the region to score slightly higher than those in the state.
Percentages of high school students enrolled in advanced courses have increased by -over 10% in the state and region since 2003. Breaking out dual credit enrollment since 2009 shows the region lagged behind the state more than 10% on this college readiness measure.
Since 1996, numbers of students enrolled in higher education in Dallas, Denton, Collin, and Tarrant counties has doubled. In spite of increasing college enrollment for all subgroups, there were gaps for African American and Hispanic compared to White students, for males compared to females, and for socioeconomically disadvantaged students.
Students who entered college not requiring developmental education were more likely to graduate or to persist in their programs than those requiring developmental education. More than 50% of regional students who entered 2-year colleges require developmental education. Students in the region who entered 4-year colleges not requiring developmental education were less likely to graduate than those of the state in general. Of high school graduates who entered postsecondary education in the region, 26% completed a degree or certificate within 6 years, which is similar to the state.
The employment rate for graduates of 2-year colleges in the region was about 69% and for 4-year colleges in the region about 74% from 2009 to 2011. The employment picture in terms of employment rate and mean wage was generally better for students in the region than in the state.